Tarahumara Indian Crafts for Southwest Decor & Lighting

 


Article by: Craig Chambers, Mission Del Rey

We hope that you enjoy the treasures of the Sierra Madre as much as we do. We operate the Mission Del Rey among the Tarahumara Indians. The Tarahumara are a proud people that have endured many hardships. They lead very rough and often difficult lives. They are teetering between their traditional lifestyle and assimilation into the Mexican culture. Unfortunately, they are somewhat stuck between the two and often live hand to mouth. Hunger and exposure are too well known among the people. By being able to continue their traditional crafts, , Knobs, Hinges and More Now Offers Kitchen and Bathroom Faucets they preserve their cultural roots , Donít Get Tangled With An Unlicensed Electrical Contractor and their dignity as they work to provide for their families. The Tarahumara or Rar√ɬ°muri, as they call , Air Purifiers: Putting A Stop To Airborne Allergies themselves, inhabit the Copper , Kitchen Cabinet Knobs Canyon, as it is known in the U.S., or the Sierra Tarahumara in northwest Mexico. The actual name Tarahumara was what the first Spanish called these Native American people. The Spanish originally encountered the Tarahumara throughout Chihuahua upon arrival in the 1500's, but as the Spanish encroached on their civilization the shy and private Tarahumara retreated for the nearly inaccessible canyons of the Sierra Tarahumara. Only the Jesuit missionaries followed at first and with only scattered success. After mineral wealth was discovered in the mountains, many areas where Tarahumara Indians lived became desirable lands to the miners & mining companies forced the Tarahumara once again to head farther into the remote canyons. Today, the Tarahumara are Mexico's second largest native Indian group with between 50,000 & 70,000 people. Today the Tarahumara live in caves, under cliffs and in small wood , 10 ways to cut your electric bill and stone , Kitchen Cabinet Knobs cabins in remote areas. They live a simple life undisturbed by modern technologies. They are known as a quiet and considerate people who are expert farmers and runners. Rar√ɬ°muri has been translated to mean "runners" in their native language. Due to severe drought , Log Home Design Specialist - 3 Places to Find Designers in northern Mexico, the Tarahumara have suffered famine in the past few years. Corn , How to Design a Hardwood Floor Like a Professional is the main staple along with beans. Potatoes, and apples can also be found. Some Tarahumara raise domesticated animals such as goats and cattle. Fish, , What Is The Best Way To Clean Carpet? small game & herbs , Choosing Your Air Filter: Navigating the Confusing World of Air Cleaners (a Tarahumara specialty) round out their diet. Traditional clothing for the Tarahumara consists of a white , Log Cabin Floor Plans - Finding Great Log Cabin Plans cloth shirt, sometimes with color , How to Makeover and Enhance a Rooftop Deck ful prints, white , Appliance Part Service cloth pants or wraparounds with colorful belts or accessories. , A Collage of Ceramics: Which Would Look Best with Your Home Renovation? Headbands of cloth usually red are worn upon the head. Sandals or huaraches are the footwear of choice. Running is what the Tarahumara may be most legendary for in the world. Various organizations have entered Tarahumara runners into events such as the "Leadville 100-Mile" in Colorado. The runners have surprised many by running in their tire-soled sand , British Petroleum Ė Solar Products Manufacturer als and winning some of these long distance races. Running or "foot throwing" has always been a tradition and necessity of the Tarahumara. It is their only mode of transportation and many of the small communities are far apart. They also have their own events, and this is were "foot throwing" comes into effect. It is a competition known as Rarj√ɬ≠paro and consists of a small wood , Soapstone Countertops - Decidedly Magnificent! en ball which is "thrown by the foot" by teams in a race to finish before the other teams. The races can last days. The Tarahumara are very religious. Two larger events are Semana Santa (Easter Week) and the Fiesta Guadalupana in December. These religious rites are a mixture of Christian and Tarahumara beliefs. Tarahumara Drums and Violins Musical instruments such as drums and violins are made frequently for use in ceremonies. Drums are made from pieces of goatskin stretched over a wooden , Colour Your World With Art frame. They are used extensively during the Holy Week or Semana Santa festivities before Easter. As drums are considered ceremonial items, they can be difficult to find during much of the year. The drums are brightly decorated by hand using crushed iron oxide. Then, as the ceremonies are beginning, they beat the drums as a call , 10 ways to cut your electric bill to gather the people. During the festivals the sound of the drums can be heard drifting throught the mountain villages for miles. Violins were first introduced to the Tarahumara Indians by the Spanish and have come to play an important role in Tarahumara music and celebrations. The violins are all carved by hand, a painstaking process. Recently, these precious works of art have been produced with an intricately carved animal figure on the scroll of the instrument. The primitive violins are played as the dancers, men (Matachines) dressed in brightly colored costumes do the traditional dance day and night for several days. Wood Dough Bowls & Carving Tarahumara men love to work with wood , Log Homes - What's Different About Log Homes? and have learned to fashion amazingly detailed items with what might seem to be very crude working tools. , Cordless s: Tips To Increase Battery Life Wooden , Asian decoration spoons, bowls, and figurines are all items which are commonly carved. Their well known dough bowls, carved by hand from native yellow pine begin as a piece of a downed tree , How to Find Quality Kitchen Cabinets trunk. The trunk is split in half lengthwise then carved with an axe to form the shape of the bowl, and further worked with a machete or large knife. This traditional style dough bowl has been used throughout the Sierra Madre for generations. Corn , Donít Get Tangled With An Unlicensed Electrical Contractor and wheat are ground by hand by crushing the kernels between a smooth stone , Daydreaming About Your Home Makeover Projects and a tapered stone , The Basics Of Integrated Circuitry trough called a metate. The dough bowl is place , Choose Bali Blinds Ė Enjoy The Choice Of Vinyl Or Aluminum s at the lower end of the trough to catch the corn , Soapstone Countertops - Decidedly Magnificent! or wheat flour as it is ground. Water , 10 ways to cut your electric bill is then added to the flour in the bowl and hand-made tortillas are not far behind. The beauty of these rustic , Soapstone Countertops - Decidedly Magnificent! dough bowls is enhanced by the natural , Practicing Safety In Home Improvement irregularities of the wood. , Reduce Noise to Reduce Stress: Sound Advice From the Rug Doctor Their character is as rich as their heritage. Basketry Baskets serve many functions in a traditional Tarahumara household. , Choosing Your Air Filter: Navigating the Confusing World of Air Cleaners A basket may be used to store corn, , Remodel Your Kitchen or Bathroom For The Best ROI! beans or a number of other things. As the floors , Log Home Design Specialist - 3 Places to Find Designers of most Tarahumara home , Air Purifiers: Putting A Stop To Airborne Allergies s are dirt, baskets help keep personal items organized and clean. There are generally two types of baskets; The first and most common being of yucca or sotol. These are used constantly in everyday life. The second type of basket is fashioned from pine needles and is most common in the higher elevations where pine trees , Appliance Part Service are prevalent. These baskets are quite small and delicate. The yucca baskets are made in a variety of sizes and shapes. In the mountain country, the guari type is most commonly found. These baskets are usually a singl weave and are round at the top and somewhat square, with four distinct corners, at the bottom. The petaca is traditional to the canyon regions. It is round with a lid and frequently double woven. As the baskets can be quite bulky, the guari in particular, are often made in graduating sizes so they may be nested. The baskets are all made by twill plaiting, which results in a diagonal design. , Donít Get Tangled With An Unlicensed Electrical Contractor The basketmaker uses only her hands and teeth to fashion the basket, although the leaves are sometimes run across a stone , Light Bulbs - Save Energy, Save Money to dull their sharp edges before they are worked. Pottery Tarahumara pots , Antique Wood Flooring or ollas are used for a variety of cooking purposes. An olla may be used to cook beans, boil corn , Choose Best Gas Grill and Cook Delicious Food with lime for making tortillas, roasting corn , The Basics Of Integrated Circuitry for pinole, and in the larger pots, , Save Money When Designing Your Own Home for making the Tarahumara traditional corn , Swimming Pool Filter Supplies: Necessary For A Clean And Healthy Pool beer, tesguino. Slightly different sizes and shapes define the use of a particular pot. , Are Sun Rooms Safe? Tarahumara pottery, as with virtually everything they make, is simple and functional. The first step in pottery making is to gather the clay. This may require a trip of several miles. Once the clay has been obtained, it is ground on a stone , 10 ways to cut your electric bill metate and mixed with pottery shards that have also been ground on the metate. Water , How to Design a Hardwood Floor Like a Professional is then added to this mixture and it is kneaded until the right consistency is achieved. Then it is time to begin forming the piece. The base is formed first and the sides are built up using coils of clay. The olla is always shaped by hand, although a piece of gourd may be used to smooth and scrape away roughness. After drying in the sun, , Log Homes - What's Different About Log Homes? a hot , Soapstone Countertops - Decidedly Magnificent! fire is made in a shallow pit and the pot , Donít Get Tangled With An Unlicensed Electrical Contractor is fired. When a pot , Home Improvement is decorated, the paint , Daydreaming About Your Home Makeover Projects is obtained from red ochre, iron oxide or hematite and applied with the fingers or by means of a feather or cloth-wrapped stick. Weaving When the Spanish arrived in the Sierra Tarahumara in the early 1600's, with the introduction of sheep, the Tarahumara begun weaving clothing and blankets of wool by 1625. Blankets are made from homespun yarn, usually in the natural , How to Design a Hardwood Floor Like a Professional colors , Injection Molding-How Plastic is Molded of dark brown and white. , 7 Materials For Creating The Perfect Kitchen Countertop These blankets serve the very useful purpose of keeping people warm during the frigid winter , Save Money When Designing Your Own Home months. They are woven in a most ingenious open weave so that the air , What Is The Best Way To Clean Carpet? spaces provide additional insulation. A broad horizontal loom is used for weaving. It is usually set low to the ground in the shade if possible. The weaver sits at the end to work. The finished product , Cordless Tools: Tips To Increase Battery Life may take months to complete.

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