Article by: Jim Hoyle
Philip Julius Handel first established the Handel Company in
Meriden, Connecticut in 1876. They specialized in high quality
reverse painted lamp shades and at the time were generally
considered a less expensive alternative to the Tiffany lamp
popularized by Louis Comfort Tiffany. They also made leaded
glass , Wet Basements shades similar to Tiffany as well as vases, humidor boxes
and other decorative objects. The most popular lamps of the Art
Nouveau 1890-1920 and the Art Deco period 1920-1939 were
Tiffany, Handel, Pairpoint and Duffner & Kimberly.
Philip Handel (age 19) and Adolph Eydam (age 21) formed a
partnership in 1885 and created the "Eydam and Handel Company"
in Meriden, Connecticut specializing in glass decorating , Clutter Busters: Simple Strategies For Cleaning Up Your Act and
lamp manufacturing. They used lamp bases from other suppliers
not their own lamp bases. In 1892 the partnership ended and the
company later moved to larger facilities in New York city in
1893 and was known as "Philip J. Handel" and later as "Handel
and Company". In 1902 they opened their own foundry and began
producing their own lamp bases. The Handel Company was
incorporated on June 11, 1903 and Philip J. Handel, Albert
Parlow, and Antone Teich were the principals. In 1906, Philip J.
Handel married Fannie Hirschfield Handel his second wife. She
became the company's president upon Philip Handel's death in
1914. In 1918 she remarried and in 1919 William F. Handel,
Philip's cousin took control of the company. Following World War
I (1918) was a period of tremendous growth. The economy , Bunk Bed Ideas was
roaring and the company had assembled a very impressive and
talented group of artists and craftsmen. However, the Great
Depression drastically changed the company's fortunes and by
1929 the company was struggling. The company ceased production
completely in 1936.
The Handel Lamp Company was the very finest maker of
reverse-painted lamps. Handel also made many leaded glass , Types Of Water Filters lamps.
The company is a prime example of fine American quality
craft , Adjustable bed manufacturer - choosing the right one for you smanship. Although Handel is best know for their reverse
paint , Cost of Home Remodeling ed glass , Moving Q&A: Working With Professional Moving Companies lamps they are also well know for their slag glass
, Kitchen Renovation and Tiffany style glass , How to Combine Styles in your Decorating Scheme lamps. In 1906 Handel developed a new
shade with a metal , Information On Types And Styles Of Urinal Blocks overlay they called "TEROCA" and until 1920's
this and other types of leaded lamps were a large part of the
Handel bases were most commonly made of a zinc alloy (spelter)
with a bronze patina or finish. Some were made of genuine
bronze. The marking was commonly the company name on the bottom
of the base. The markings consisted of raised letters and/or a
label. Sometimes the marking would be underneath the base or
sometimes on top of the base. Lamp shades were marked on metal
, Minimizing Runoff and Erosion Along Your Lakeshore, Stream or River Property components and/or on the glass , Opening the door on hardware purchasing itself. Some of the glass , "Invasion of the Mold Spores" - Mold Removal Tips For the Property Owner pieces
are signed by the artists. Many of the medium to larger Handel
lamp bases were wired with multiple sockets which were operated
by pull chains that had small and various shaped pull balls on
the ends of the chain.
It has long been a common practice to match slag glass , Adjustable Beds - Now This Will Put You To Sleep lamp
shades, Tiffany type shades and others to various lamp bases
that were not the original. Another common practice has been to
place , Helpful Household Rust Tips -- Fight Back Against Rust and Win! an unsigned shade on a signed Handel lamp base and pass
the entire lamp off as a "Handel". Many if not most lamps and
shades are referred to as Handel lamps simply because the style
is similar to that of an original Handel lamp. Experts today
suggest that about 90 % of all lamps called Handel were not
actually made by Handel. There are many lamps that are signed
but that are not authentic. Identification of Handel leaded
lamps is a subjective process that few people are qualified to
do. Given the company's history it may be difficult to prove the
negative: i.e. that a particular lamp is NOT a Handel. But as
usual, money speaks and you will find that a Handel lamp and
shade with correct markings, attributes and documentation
commands a very premium price as compared to any lamp that is
"attributed to Handel".
For instance, some of Handel's small and simple desk and simple
piano lamps have recently sold for around $500. Generally the
more complex ones sell for over $ 2,000. There are some rare
ones that have sold for over $ 80,000.
Some Handel glass , Adjustable Beds - Now This Will Put You To Sleep artists are highly regarded and their works
bring a premium price. Their signatures can be seen on some
Handel lamp shades. Among these Handel artists are Bailey,
Bed , How to Make my Hardwood Floors Shine? igie, Broggi, Gubisch, Matzow, Palme, and Parlow and Runge.
- Jim Hoyle
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