Basic Guidelines To Owner Home Building
Article by: Jere Botes
Many South Africans are choosing to build their own homes , Kitchen Cabinet Knobs instead of buying an existing property. , Roofing Installation Reasons for this vary but mostly for the cost saving (It is said that a saving of 25% can be made on the capital outlay of the proposed project when building yourself , Enjoy Your Backyard as oppose to buying), other reasons might include the great challenge of taking on a building , Bathroom remodeling tips project or the fact that it can create a great sense of self-achievement.
For a number of reasons the cost of building , Relaxing times await with hot tubs went up tremendously in the last couple of years. In 1998 an average house , Facts about Bathtub Surround and What it Can Do For You with regular finishes could be build for appx. R1800/sqm whereas at the time of writing this document (2006) the rate of building , Roofing Installation the same house , Kitchen Cabinet Knobs would be around (R3500/sqm) This probably had a huge influence on the 'property boom' as perceived by South Africans in the recent years.
With the above in mind, it goes without saying that it is essential to hire a good contractor , Kitchen Cabinet Knobs (for a list of good contractors , Enhance Your Lifestyle and Save Money - Exciting Home Automation Applications in your area, contact the NHBRC - National home , Bathroom remodeling tips builders registration council) Also know that getting a building , Is Passive Solar A Viable Home Heating Option In Cold Areas? loan from a respectable financial institution would require you to hire a contractor , Home Improvements - Expressing an Attitude who is registered with the NHBRC, a loan would not be granted otherwise.
The experience, skill, , Roofing Installation efficiency, and contacts of a seasoned professional contractor , How To Clean Laminate Floors can yield dividends for years.
CHOOSING A SUITABLE STAND
Try to avoid irregular shaped plots, if possible a square or rectangular shaped plot lends itself to easier planning. Optimum shape are more or less a 4:3 ratio. If considering a pan-handle, know that the pan-handle makes up a lot of the size of the total area of the plot and that this is generally un-usable and would cost generally more to pave that a regular plot.
Generally flat , Urinal Block Information sites are easiest to build on, but one might choose a sloped site as it often is accompanied by great views, but keep in mind that sloping sites, no matter how steep will often call , Air Conditioner Parts for professional help in the planning stages.
If you are planning to possibly extend the house , Sharp Solar Ė Solar Energy Manufacturer in future make sure the site lends itself towards making this possible sensibly. It would often not make sense to extend if there is only open space on the western or cold , A Quick Guide to Plastic Mailboxes southern side of the plot.
North facing plots are the best in the Southern hemisphere as they get more sun, , Water Treatment Plants especially in the winter , Basics For Romantic Bedrooms months when the sun , Buy Window Coverings with Confidence is lower. Views or other advantages will influence a buyer to buy alternatively orientated sites, but never consider buying a western orientated site - you will seriously regret it afterwards.
Do a proper soil , Air Conditioner Parts investigation before buying, or ask the developer/seller to provide you with a soil , Contemporary Bedroom Furniture: Today's Trends test. The cost of building , Buying Good Quality, Cheap Futons on un-suitable soil , Sharp Solar Ė Solar Energy Manufacturer is surprisingly higher with the need for special excavations & foundations.
Access to site
Mull over the possible accesses to the site, this often becomes a huge headache during building , How Your Light Fitting Could Save You Money! and even more so in many cases once you have moved in.
BUILDING THE SUPERSTRUCTURE
Make sure your builder has a proper store for the building , Boost Your Home's Value by Adding a Concrete Garage materials delivered to site to prevent theft and also to protect the materials from weather, , Bathroom remodeling tips especially cement should be kept free from all moist at all cost. Bags of cement could be stored on a platform lifted on bricks etc.
Don't construct the storage hut too far from the road for easy delivery. Make sure that the proper sanitation facilities are provided as well and make arrangements to have the water , How To Select a Lamp connection activated.
This process involves the marking out of the building , Bathroom remodeling tips with lime powder, corner pegs and datum level references. Once the marking out is complete, make sure to double check that the proposed building , Choosing the Right Commercial Flagpole does not cross building , Facts about Bathtub Surround and What it Can Do For You lines or servitudes.
If you are building , Basement Dehumidifier Basics on a sloped site the cut & fill excavations & filling will have to be done before hand.
Excavations & Foundations
Make sure that the excavations for the foundations are level and at least 550mm deep, most local , Air Conditioner Parts authorities require the top of the foundation to de at least 340mm (4 brick courses) deep and see that the excavated trenches are free of water , Basement Dehumidifier Basics before concrete , Asian decoration casting commences. For external walls , Tips and Suggestions To Help You Plan and Build Your Own Log Home the foundations are to be a minimum of 550mm wide for cement bricks and 600mm for clay bricks for a one storey building. , Facts about Bathtub Surround and What it Can Do For You The foundation depth to be around 230mm min. deep. These are for normal soil , Boost Your Home's Value by Adding a Concrete Garage conditions. If you suspect that you have special conditions ex. Silt, Clay etc. consult your engineer as you may require a special raft foundation or even piles in cases where the top layer of extreme unusable quality.
When building , Solve Small-Space Kitchen Problems with S-O-S Design-Function Techniques on a sloping site, a stepped foundation may be required. Make sure that the top foundations ends overlap sufficiently (appx. 250mm) over the bottom strip for a normal strip foundation.
For unstable soils , Buy Window Coverings with Confidence consult your engineer for a foundation design , Choosing the Right Commercial Flagpole and have him do an inspection when the foundations are cast.
(Have a look at the details section for typical foundation details on the advice , Basement Dehumidifier Basics page of this site, you might also want to read the article on concrete , Don¬ít leave your blinds hanging - Vertical blinds cleaning tips construction in South Africa)
Waterproofing & floor , Tips and Suggestions To Help You Plan and Build Your Own Log Home slab casting
Residential ground floor , Want Free Money? Itís Easier Than You Think! slabs are usually only one brick course thick (Apprx. 75mm) and are layed on a well compacted crushed stone , Fall's Fresh Flowers - All About the Mums filling covered with riversand and on a adequate damp proof membrance (The dpm is often specified as a 250micron under surface bed , Fall's Fresh Flowers - All About the Mums layer). Make sure that the layer of riversand in sufficient in thickness and that it is well spread over the layer of crushed stone , Relaxing times await with hot tubs to prevent penetrations through the sheet. Also check that the final unfinished floor , Buying Good Quality, Cheap Futons level is at least 2 brick cources (170mm) above the natural , Choosing the Right Commercial Flagpole ground level to prevent stormwater or rising damp from entering the house , Buying Good Quality, Cheap Futons and as required by local , A Quick Guide to Plastic Mailboxes authorities.
See to it that the builder is keeping the floor , Whole House Water Filter System slabs damp to ensure proper curing and that he has ordered his building , Enhance Your Lifestyle and Save Money - Exciting Home Automation Applications sand and cement from sound suppliers who will supply him with the correct type of cement and aggregate mix for slab casting.
When the slab is cast check your plans , Sharp Solar Ė Solar Energy Manufacturer once again to see that all conduits or pipes etc. are in place , Roofing Installation for the sanitary fittings (wc, whb, shr, sink, etc.) and for all the electrical fittings (plug outlets etc.)
Walls (Masonry work)
Before any bricks are laid check that the top of foundation is square and level once again.
Make sure you get good quality stock/face bricks from a sound supplier. When the bricks are delivered to site inspect them and see if more than 5 out of 100 are broken, if so the bricks might not be of optimum quality.
When using cement bricks/blocks make sure the bricks are dry before being laid as shrinkage might occur afterwards if they are laid wet which might result in mortar jointing getting loose. concrete , Solve Small-Space Kitchen Problems with S-O-S Design-Function Techniques based the supplier must supply a SABS certificate of compliance.
It is good practice to wet the bricks before laying them as the dust accumulated on them might act as a barrier between the mortar & the brick, also clay bricks might absorb a lot of moisture , Basics For Romantic Bedrooms out of the mortar mix which it needs to cure (harden).
Before building , Home Improvements - Expressing an Attitude of walls , Efficient Showerheads - Isn't It About Time You Started Conserving Water, And Energy, And Money commences make sure that your builder installs a layer of 250micron Plastic , How To Clean Laminate Floors sheet as wide as the wall , Why Should You Go For House Air Conditioning? as a damp proofing similar to the sheet below the floorslab. Where there are platform differences a vertical sheet should be installed to prevent damp to the lower levels.
When the building , Boost Your Home's Value by Adding a Concrete Garage is in progress, see that the corner profiles (wooden masts with brick courses marked of at the corners of the house) are plumb and that brickwork is laid level as building , Efficient Showerheads - Isn't It About Time You Started Conserving Water, And Energy, And Money proceeds. Make sure that the lines spanned between profiles are always level and stretched tight.
Bricks should be laid with brick-reinforcing every third to 4th course, and every course above door , Basics For Romantic Bedrooms & window , Bring Summer Into Your Bedroom level.
Door & window , A Quick Guide to Plastic Mailboxes frames should be built in and see that they are at the correct placement and height and that they are built in level. If you are building , Extra Space Without Moving House aluminium window , 10 Reasons To Buy Berber Carpet frames, openings will be left and the openings will be measured on site and the windows , Should I Sell My Home or Remodel Instead? built accordingly and installed just before plastering commences.
Make sure that lintels are resting at least 150 mm on both sides of openings for openings smaller than 1,5m, or 250 mm for openings wider than that.
Bricks must be laid plumb and level, with joints of about 10mm, properly filled.
With facebricks it is important that all joints are properly filled, otherwise water , 7 Safety Tips For Troubleshooting Your Portable Generator will leak through these joints into the interior , How To Clean Laminate Floors skin of brickwork
Cavity walls , Whole House Water Filter System (walls consisting of two brick skins with small gap - 40-50mm usually) needs to be build at all coastal residences with weep holes at the bottom for the moisture , Is Passive Solar A Viable Home Heating Option In Cold Areas? to escape. It is also good practice to build cavity walls , Enhance Your Lifestyle and Save Money - Exciting Home Automation Applications at the western side of the building , Air Conditioner Parts to eliminate the heat , 10 Reasons To Buy Berber Carpet created on the walls , Relaxing times await with hot tubs by the scorching western afternoon sun. , Fall's Fresh Flowers - All About the Mums
Where cavity walls , Should I Sell My Home or Remodel Instead? are built, wall , Extra Space Without Moving House ties are to be used between the skins, at a rate of 4 ties per square metre.
Roof , How To Select a Lamp design will depend on the type of covering and the span over which the structure is built.
A timber , How Your Light Fitting Could Save You Money! sub-structured roof , Kitchen Cabinet Knobs typically rests on a wooden , Bring Summer Into Your Bedroom wallplate which acts as a 'ringbeam' around the perimeter of the building , Contemporary Bedroom Furniture: Today's Trends to evenly distribute the loads to the supporting walls. , Choosing the Right Commercial Flagpole
The trusses & wall , Want Free Money? Itís Easier Than You Think! plate is anchored to the walls , Should I Sell My Home or Remodel Instead? with metal roof , How To Choose The Right Fridge & Freezer ties and needs to be built into the wall , Whole House Water Filter System at least 4 brick courses from the top.
The roof , 7 Safety Tips For Troubleshooting Your Portable Generator trusses should be graded and treated and bear a mark of approval typically by the SABS. An engineering certificate of compliance should be supplied to you by the roof , Is Passive Solar A Viable Home Heating Option In Cold Areas? contractor.
The battens are the cross pieces of timber , Enhance Your Lifestyle and Save Money - Exciting Home Automation Applications spaced as per roofing , Refurbished Solar Panels For Your Home material used. For tiled roofs , Efficient Showerheads - Isn't It About Time You Started Conserving Water, And Energy, And Money they are 38x38mm and spaced at appx. 330mm centres and 38x50 or 50x76 for sheetmetal coverings and spaced at 1,2 - 1,6m apart depending on the manufacturer. , Asian decoration
Brandering are similar to battens but is nailed to the underside of the trusses for the ceiling to be fixed to it. They are typically 38x38mm in profile and spaced at 450mm centres. Make sure to have a trapdoor fitted in between at a suitable place. , Water Treatment Plants (See also trapdoor detail - at the details page of this website)
Depending on the roofing , Making The Best Area Rug Choice type and manufacturer roof , 7 Safety Tips For Troubleshooting Your Portable Generator slopes may vary from 2 degrees to very steep angles. Typically tiled roofs , Buy Window Coverings with Confidence will not have a smaller slope that about 17 degrees and will then require an undertile waterproofing membrane (this is typically done for roofs , How Your Light Fitting Could Save You Money! at a pitch greater than 45 or smaller than 26 degrees and also prevents dust from entering and act against wind loads that might be forced onto the roof),
Many sheetmetal profiles can be installed at a very small slope without difficulty.
Where ever there is a protrusion through the roof , Budget Bathroom Remodeling Ideas eg. A ventpipe, chimney , Enhance Your Lifestyle and Save Money - Exciting Home Automation Applications shaft, parapet wall , Roofing Installation etc. these areas should be properly flashed with galvanized sheetmetal flashings.
Depending on the style of architecture or personal preference you might install a facia board and gutter or not; however if you decide not to, it is good practise and most local , Buy Window Coverings with Confidence authorities will require you to build an apron of 900MM min around the house , Relaxing times await with hot tubs perimeter to prevent the falling water , Vent-free Gas Heaters Pose Multiple Risks from corroding the earth , Radiant Barriers Cut Heating Bills around the house , Refurbished Solar Panels For Your Home and cause rising damp or structural failure of the weakened brickwork by the moisture. , Refurbished Solar Panels For Your Home
(For thatch roof , Building a Home Addition information refer to the article on thatch roof , Choosing the Right Commercial Flagpole design on this website)
Construction of floors , Basement Dehumidifier Basics / Stairs
When constructing floors , Screw for Peace of Mind! it can either be a wooden floor , How To Select a Lamp raised and rest of wooden floor , Air Conditioner Parts joists (beams) and be concrete , Making The Best Area Rug Choice which is the preferred method because of its better insulating qualities.
For concrete , Is An Electric Fireplace The Right Choice For You? ground floors , Efficient Showerheads - Isn't It About Time You Started Conserving Water, And Energy, And Money see also the section regarding slab casting earlier. If you are building , Basement Dehumidifier Basics a wooden floor, , Contemporary Bedroom Furniture: Today's Trends especially at higher levels consult a qualified professional to work out the live loads which will act out on the floor. , Extra Space Without Moving House
When considering which flooring , How To Choose The Right Fridge & Freezer material to be used also consider the fact that a lot of services needs to run in the floor , Bring Summer Into Your Bedroom and will need to be covered from below is using wooden floor , Buy Window Coverings with Confidence for the upper floors. , Tips and Suggestions To Help You Plan and Build Your Own Log Home
Local authorities in SA require stair treads to be no less than 250mm and risers (vertical) to be no more than 200mm. These however are minimums and a comfortable stair should have at leas 270mm treads and 170mm risers. The 170mm risers also makes it easier if a concrete , How To Clean Laminate Floors stair needs to be built into a wall , Vent-free Gas Heaters Pose Multiple Risks module as 170mm equals 2 brick courses.
Other items and services
Plumbing , Want Free Money? Itís Easier Than You Think! & sewerage, electrical installation, landscaping, , Should I Sell My Home or Remodel Instead? Special fittings etc. will not be covered in this document. Should you have any other questions please contact us and we will do our utmost to provide you with guidance.
Written by Jere Botes, architect & founder of http://www.dreamhouses.co.za, a website dedicated to provide home , How To Clean Laminate Floors builders, home , Basement Dehumidifier Basics renovators, home , Choosing the Right Commercial Flagpole owners & developers with free professional advice , Don¬ít leave your blinds hanging - Vertical blinds cleaning tips on all aspects of home , Why Should You Go For House Air Conditioning? design, building , How Your Light Fitting Could Save You Money! & diy. , Screw for Peace of Mind! Reproductions of this article are encouraged but must include a link pointing to http://www.dreamhouses.co.za
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Jere_Botes
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