An in Depth Home Improvement Article on Everything in the Bathroom (part 1)
Article by: Neal Baker
Tips and advise when buying your bathroom , Choosing A Linoleum Floor For Your Home suite: (part 1)
Also known as sanitary ware, ceramics, porcelain and ware.
There are four basic areas that affect the quality of pottery and its expected lifespan:
The depth of the glaze:
The glaze is the glass-like surface coating which is fired onto the pottery in the kiln when it is made.
The glass , There Are Several Basic Types Of Air Purifiers enables the pot , Bath Tile Designs That Transform A Bathroom to be waterproof and protects it from chemicals, such as bleach etc, over its life.
The thicker the glaze generally the longer the life. Once this glaze goes, wears out, the pot , Why Should You Go For House Air Conditioning? becomes porous, absorbs water , New Home - Over Budget? What Now? and eventually cracks.
The more you use and clean the pottery the faster the glaze wears out.
To make the glaze thicker you have to apply it a layer at a time and each time fire , Candle Making 101 it in the kiln. This process results in breakages within the kiln.
For example, if I fire , Strike a Balance with Bathroom and Kitchen Taps 100 pieces of pot , Fall's Fresh Flowers - All About the Mums once I may get 99 back in one piece, so the 99 pays for the 100.
If I then fire , Vacuum Cleaner Comparisons – Contrast Before Comparison the 99 again I may get 80 back in one piece, so now 80 have to pay for 100.
If I then fire , Floor Plans the 80 I may get only 50 back in one piece, so now 50 have to pay for 100. You get the gist of this by now.
If you assume that each layer of glaze lasts approximately 5 to 7 years you can soon see how the system works.
If you glaze once you get a less expensive cost to manufacture but the product , Reduce Your Heating Bills This Winter - Overlooked Sources of Heat Loss in the Home does not last as long in a house. , A Guide to Tropical Wall Murals The thicker the glaze the longer the pottery lasts.
Quality of the clay:
The quality of the clay that is used to make the pottery is very important.
The reason for this is that the finer the clay the smoother the finish will be on the item being made.
If you use a poorer grade of clay it will have more grit in it and the surface will have a more rippled appearance.
You may also find that because of the increased grit content the pottery is heavier than an item of the same size made with a finer grade of clay.
The finer the clay the more tonnes of rough clay you have to use to refine down to make it.
It is therefore less expensive to produce pottery with a coarse grade of clay.
The overspray or colour:
The white colour, , Air Purifier - Help Or Hype or whatever colour , Log Home Automation? Excuse Me? it happens to be, is applied to the pottery before the glaze.
Each manufacturer , Cleaning service in your area mixes their own colour , Pros of Using Geothermal For Your Home to try to match it to the colour , Cleaning service in your area of the acrylic baths.
The white colour , Going Down Under With Your House of the acrylic bath is a worldwide , Bath Tile Designs That Transform A Bathroom standard set by the acrylic manufacturers. , Tough Boat Ladders Made of Stainless Steel
You need to be aware of this if you client tries to mix and match pottery from different manufacturers. , Reduce Your Heating Bills This Winter - Overlooked Sources of Heat Loss in the Home
Its usually acceptable to have a toilet and basin from one supplier made to match the bath but if you put a basin
from one supplier and a toilet from another and then the bath together it will stand out like a sore thumb.
The thicker the colour , Tips for Hiring Contractors is applied, the less fading on the edges takes place , Home Inspection: 22 Questions to Ask Any Home Inspection Company and the colour , Home Security: Choosing a Security Alarm System is even over the whole of the item.
The colour , Planning Permission Tips UK - Two Story Side Extensions - The Common Mistakes as with the glaze is applied in layers and then has to be left to set before the next coat can be applied.
The fewer coats the quicker the product , 7 Fixups to Sell Fast and For Top Dollar can be made and the less cost is involved.
The design , Installing a Bathroom Vanity and Countertop of the item:
The more intricate the design , Why Air Cooler Hire Is So Important When You Take Management Decisions the more expensive the mould is to make and the more chance there is that you will not always remove it from the mould without damage.
Plainer shapes are usually less expensive. You should also note that basins, toilets and bidets are made as matched sets.
You will often find that the foot of the pedestal on the basin matches the foot of the toilet pan and that the back of the basin matches the toilet cistern lid.
One general point to be made is that pottery is often sold in what is known in the trade as a four-piece set.
That is a basin, pedestal, pan and cistern. Unfortunately the retail customer sees the set as two pieces: the basin and the toilet.
If you use the term four-piece set to a retail customer they may think you mean a basin, toilet, bath and bidet.
So always explain what you mean by four pieces if you should choose to use the term.
TOILETS & WC'S:
There are five types of toilets currently available in the UK.
These are Wall , Home Inspection: 22 Questions to Ask Any Home Inspection Company hung, Back-to-wall, Close-coupled, Low level and High level.
This type of toilet has the pan hanging on the wall , Vacuum Cleaner Comparisons – Contrast Before Comparison and the cistern concealed in the wall , Home Inspection: 22 Questions to Ask Any Home Inspection Company behind it.
More common in mainland Europe, it has become increasingly popular over recent years as more people travel abroad.
You do however need to ensure that the pan is supported properly when fitted either by the use of special floor , Pros of Using Geothermal For Your Home mounting brackets or the use of a framework.
These frameworks, which support the pan and provide a place , Vacuum Cleaner Comparisons – Contrast Before Comparison for the cistern, are available from several suppliers.
This type of WC allows ease of cleaning and as the pan is the only visible piece of pot , Is Your Fireplace Keeping You Warm and Cozy? - Tips for Better Heat it minimises the impact of the WC on the design , Floor Plans of the room. , Jupiter Microlite - the facts you need to know
Back to wall:
This type of toilet is normally used mainly when having fitted furniture. , Finding The Right Window Cleaning Service As with the wall , Vacuum Cleaner Comparisons – Contrast Before Comparison hung toilet the cistern is concealed inside , Planning Permission Tips UK - Two Story Side Extensions - The Common Mistakes the furniture , Home Improvement Loans but the pan is sat on the floor. , Weatherproofing Your Deck
This is the most common type of toilet in the UK. This type of toilet has the pan and cistern joined together.
It is often confused with the low level toilet, so make sure you are clear that you mean a toilet with the pan and cistern physically joined together.
The advantage of this type is that the pan has a splash back built onto it where it joins the cistern, so that when men and boys stand at the toilet and miss there is not so much mess.
Toilets are meant to be sat on not stood against. If you want to stand up you should buy a urinal. This toilet is easily maintained and is therefore ideal for downstairs cloakrooms and main ensuites where they are likely to get a lot of use.
This type of toilet has a freestanding pan and the cistern sits approx 900mm or 36inches up the wall , Bath Tile Designs That Transform A Bathroom with a short flush pipe in between the two pieces.
Before the advent of the close-coupled toilet this was the most common and is still what most people with older houses , 7 Fixups to Sell Fast and For Top Dollar have.
This is why they confuse them with the close coupled. They are now most commonly sold with traditional bathrooms , 7 Fixups to Sell Fast and For Top Dollar and have a chrome or gold flush pipe.
The difficulty with this type is that if men or boys use them they are apt to miss and the pipe goes green. , Floor Plans
Once this happens there is nothing that can be done to repair , Air Purifier - Help Or Hype it. They are generally priced at 50% to 60% higher in price than a close coupled and are bought more for their aesthetic value than practicality.
This type was popular in the Victorian era and is associated most closely with bathrooms , 7 Fixups to Sell Fast and For Top Dollar of that period.
The pan is free standing and the cistern sits on the wall , Mr. & Mrs. DIY - Through the Thick and Thin of Building a Concrete Countertop approx 1800mm or 6 feet up the wall , Tough Boat Ladders Made of Stainless Steel with a chrome or gold flush pipe and a chain pull flush.
It has the same disadvantages as the Low level when used by men and boys.
In terms of price, this type is normally 50% to 60% more than the Low level. Sold mainly for the aesthetic value, all toilets in the UK now have to flush using 3 and 6 litres of water. , An Armoire Combines Function And Beauty To Provide Versatile Storage Space Throughout The Home
It makes no difference which type you buy, they all use this amount and as a consequence the high level and low level flush no better than the close coupled.
TYPES OF FLUSHING MECHANISM
There are two main types of flushing mechanisms: the syphon and the dump valve.
Syphons have been used for many years in the UK as the means of flushing the toilet. They work with the use of a lever or pull chain.
When this is pushed a small amount of water , Jupiter Microlite - the facts you need to know is forced over the syphon in the cistern, which creates inertia that draws the rest of the water , Fall's Fresh Flowers - All About the Mums along with it and flushes the toilet.
They are very effective with high levels of water , Why Is Log Furniture So Popular? in the cistern but become less efficient as the water , Tough Boat Ladders Made of Stainless Steel level falls. , Home Improvement Loans
In the past toilet cisterns originally contained 12 litres of water, , Air Purifier - Help Or Hype then 9 litres and now 6 litres for a full flush and 3 litres for a half flush .
People who now have a 6 litre flushing syphon type toilet often complain that they have to flush the toilet twice to get it to work.
In recent years dump valves were not allowed in the UK, but with the advent of new legislation they are now fitted in most new toilets.
The dump valve works by means of a push button, either a single or a double one. As you press the button it lifts a valve that instantly releases all the water , Reduce Your Heating Bills This Winter - Overlooked Sources of Heat Loss in the Home down through the toilet.
This makes this type of flushing mechanism very effective with low levels of water. , Home Inspection: 22 Questions to Ask Any Home Inspection Company
Most old types of toilet have an overflow which let the water , Choosing A Linoleum Floor For Your Home flow outside , Why Is Log Furniture So Popular? the property , Things to Consider When Buying A Dishwasher if the ball valve mechanism fails. This is called a visible overflow.
Most new types of toilet have an overflow which flows back into the toilet bowl if the ball valve fails. This makes them easier to install. This is called an internal overflow.
Basins are often referred to as sinks. This is incorrect. Sinks are fitted in kitchens , Choosing A Linoleum Floor For Your Home and basins are fitted in cloakrooms, bathrooms , Bagged or Bagless - Which Type of Vacuum Cleaner Should You Purchase? and ensuites.
The term basin came from the use of a jug and basin in the days when these were used to wash yourself , Strike a Balance with Bathroom and Kitchen Taps in the bedroom. There are six main type of basin available in the UK.
These are basin and full pedestal, basin and semi-pedestal, cloakroom, semi-recessed, counter top and under-slung.
Basin and full pedestal:
This where the basin sits on full size pedestal and is the most common type in the UK. Normally the waste pipe and hot , How to Install a Ceiling Fan and cold water , Home Security: Choosing a Security Alarm System pipes run through the pedestal and into the floor. , Achieve Better Results With Concrete Stain By Using Concrete Stain Prep
Basin and semi-pedestal:
This is where the basin sits on a half height pedestal which does not reach the floor. , Helpful Tips If You're Hiring A Handyman They are very common in Europe and becoming increasingly popular in the UK.
When recommending this type of unit care should be taken to ensure that you have the type of pipe work arrangement necessary to install the basin. Please consult your local , Things to Consider When Buying A Dishwasher plumber or bathrooms , Choosing A Linoleum Floor For Your Home installer for more advice. , Rainbow Vacuum Water Washes Your Air, Does A Rainbow Vacuum Really Really Do This?
These are usually fitted without a pedestal, as they are normally very small basins. There are some available with pedestals but you are best to check first. Wall , Fall's Fresh Flowers - All About the Mums hung basins are normally fitted with a decorative bottle trap.
This type of basin has a bow in the front but the underside has been cut away to produce a flat , Cleaning service in your area area. This is because this type of basin is usually fitted into a worktop.
This type of basin is either round or oval and fits into a hole cut into a worktop.
The type of basin is fitted under the hole in the worktop. This means that the worktop has to be a solid surface material, such a marble or stone. , Candle Making 101
Basins come with one, two or three tap holes.
One tap hole:
This type of basin uses a mono bloc mixer, which normally incorporates a pop-up waste. The water , Things To Consider While Designing A Guest Bedroom is controlled either by a lever on the tap or a separate hot , Why Air Cooler Hire Is So Important When You Take Management Decisions and cold , Things To Consider While Designing A Guest Bedroom handle on either side of the spout.
Two tap hole:
The most common type of tap configuration has a separate hot , Rainbow Vacuum Water Washes Your Air, Does A Rainbow Vacuum Really Really Do This? and cold , Reduce Your Heating Bills This Winter - Overlooked Sources of Heat Loss in the Home tap with a plug and chain waste. The hot , An Armoire Combines Function And Beauty To Provide Versatile Storage Space Throughout The Home tap is normally fitted on the left hand side of the basin.
Three tap hole:
There are two type of tap arrangement that can be fitted to this type of tap-hole arrangement. Either a three-hole mixer which is a hot , Is Your Fireplace Keeping You Warm and Cozy? - Tips for Better Heat and cold , Decorating A Baby Nursery: A Few Essentials valve head and a separate spout, usually fitted with a pop up waste.
Or you could fit a pair of basin taps and what is known as a chain stay waste. A chain stay waste uses a plug and chain but the chain is held in place , Beginning Interior Design by a disc, which is fitted into the middle of the three holes
Bidets are not that common in the UK as we are not normally raised to use them. However for those that do have and use them there are a few points to consider.
For a bidet to work effectively they have to be fitted next to a toilet-not at the other side of the room , Why Is Log Furniture So Popular? or several feet away.
A UK bidet now come with the tap fitted on the top and is usually a mono bloc mixer. There used to be bidets in the UK, which came with an up-spray or fountain spray as it was known.
This type of bidet is no longer available.
There are four main types of material used to manufacture baths in the UK. These are cast iron, pressed-steel, glass , Laminate Flooring - Everything You Need To Know reinforced plastic , Choosing A Linoleum Floor For Your Home (GRP) and acrylic.
This is the material from which most baths used to be made and is now most commonly used for free standing baths. There are two commonly held misconceptions concerning cast iron baths.
The first is that they are too heavy. The weight of a standard cast iron bath filled with water , Pros of Using Geothermal For Your Home is in the region of 25 stones. , Retractable Awnings – Several Different Shade Positions The bath is usually fitted with four legs which means that the weight on each leg on the floor , Weatherproofing Your Deck is approximately 6.25 stones. , 7 Fixups to Sell Fast and For Top Dollar
As we walk across the floor , Things To Consider While Designing A Guest Bedroom foot to foot we actually weight more that this.
The second misconception is that they are cold. , "Invasion of the Mold Spores" - Mold Removal Tips For the Property Owner This is because years ago when we all used cast iron baths the houses , Why Should You Go For Air Conditioning? did not have central heating. The bath can only reflect the temperature , Helpful Household Rust Tips -- Fight Back Against Rust and Win! of the room , 7 Fixups to Sell Fast and For Top Dollar that it is in.
If the room , Solar Energy Use In Home Design is warm the bath is therefore warm. There is, however, one possible exception. If the bath is fitted in with a panel as apposed to free standing it may be that the air , Going Down Under With Your House temperature under the bath is cooler due to the holes left by the plumber. If this is the case, insulation under the bath will solve the problem.
This is where a layer of steel several millimetres thick is coated with a stove-enamelled surface. They are most commonly used in hotels and commercial premises.
As the material of the bath is very thin they tend to cool down very quickly. They also tend to be very plain in shape due to the manufacturing restrictions of the material.
Glass Reinforced Plastic , Finding The Right Window Cleaning Service (GRP) :
This was the first type of plastic , Tips for Hiring Contractors material used to produce baths and was used by almost everyone until the invention of Acrylic.
It has very good insulation properties , Custom Kitchen Cabinets: What you Need to Know and enables baths of many shapes and styles to be easily produced.
The two main difficulties with this material are as follows:
1. As the colour , Home Security: Choosing a Security Alarm System for the bath is produced in batches there can sometimes be problems with the match to the pottery.
2. If the bath is fitted in direct sunlight they are prone to the plasticiser leaking out of the surface and crazing of the surface texture occurring.
This is the most common material now used to produce baths in the UK and Europe. It has the same characteristics as GRP in that it insulates well and can produce great shapes.
However, as it is produced to internationally agreed standards of colour , Mr. & Mrs. DIY - Through the Thick and Thin of Building a Concrete Countertop it is now what every pottery supplier uses to obtain their colour , New Home - Over Budget? What Now? match.
Acrylic comes in several thicknesses most commonly 3mm, 5mm, 8mm and 10mm. There is a common misconception that the thicker the acrylic the stronger the bath.
This is not so. The acrylic is there only to hold the colour , Going Down Under With Your House and maintain a waterproof barrier. You will normally find that the thicker the acrylic the plainer the style of the bath.
The strength of the bath comes from the glass-reinforced plastic, , Helpful Household Rust Tips -- Fight Back Against Rust and Win! which is sprayed on the underside of the bath. You should always look for a full encapsulated baseboard.
This is where the chipboard base that supports the bottom of the bath is fully enclosed to prevent it from coming away after a few years of use.
The sides of the bath should also be reinforced to prevent them from bowing out when the bath is filled with water. , New Home - Over Budget? What Now?
If the bath does bow out in the middle the result is often that the top ledge will drop producing a gap between the tiles , Rainbow Vacuum Water Washes Your Air, Does A Rainbow Vacuum Really Really Do This? and the bath.
BATH SIZES AND SHAPES:
There are a multitude of bath shapes and sizes available in the UK at present but they break down into several groups.
Rectangular baths - Single Ended:
This is the most common style of bath with the taps at one end and is ideal for one person to bathe in on there own as it usually has a gentle back slope which offers good back support when relaxing.
The most common size is 1700 x 700. They are however produced in sizes ranging from 1200 x 750 to 2000 x 1200. When a client comes in saying that there bath is 1680 x 680 this is usually because they do not realize that the bath is fitted into the plaster work when installed so that a bath that is 1700 x 700 straight out of the box is often small when fitted.
Rectangular baths - Double Ended:
This type of bath is common with people who prefer to bathe with a partner as the taps are mounted in the middle of the bath. They are becoming a lot more popular in the UK.
However to make extra room , An Armoire Combines Function And Beauty To Provide Versatile Storage Space Throughout The Home for the two people the two back slopes on the bath can often be at quite a severe angle and therefore make the bath less comfortable for one person to lie out.
Once again they come in a multitude of sizes, from 1700 x 750 to 2000 x 1200.
There are two mains types of corner bath: equal sided and offset, where one side is longer than the other. Two equal sided corner baths are usually available 1100 x 1100, 1200 x 1200, 1300 x 1300, 1400 x 1400 and 1500 x 1500.
The first three sizes are more commonly used as shower , How to Install a Ceiling Fan baths as the bathing area is too small for most people to use effectively. The 1400 and 1500 are big enough to use by most people for bathing.
The offset corner baths are usually available in two sizes 1500 x 900 and 1500 x 1000. They are not very effective as a bath for most people less than 5 feet 4 inches tall due to the internal length.
They are available with or without a seat in the corner.
Shower Baths (Ophelia, Ianthe):
These baths have a larger area at one end to allow for more room , Tough Boat Ladders Made of Stainless Steel for showering. They are usually supplied with a bath screen made especially for the shape of the bath.
Space Saver baths:
These baths are made to a special shape usually thinner at one end to allow for more room , Is Your Fireplace Keeping You Warm and Cozy? - Tips for Better Heat to fit furniture , Custom Kitchen Cabinets: What you Need to Know or make more room , Things to Consider When Buying A Dishwasher for pottery or even a shower , Air Purifier - Help Or Hype cubicle.Written by Neal Baker on behalf of http://www.bathroomsensuite.com and
online , Going Down Under With Your House retailers of bathroom furniture, , Helpful Household Rust Tips -- Fight Back Against Rust and Win! bathroom , Why Is Log Furniture So Popular? suites and bathroom accessories , Strike a Balance with Bathroom and Kitchen Taps in the UK.
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